Contents

1 Wireless Communications
 1.1 Brief History
  1.1.1 Past
  1.1.2 Present
  1.1.3 Future
 1.2 Spectrum
  1.2.1 Spectrum Use
  1.2.2 Atmospheric Effects
  1.2.3 Duplexing
 1.3 US Spectrum Landscape
  1.3.1 Code of Federal Regulations
  1.3.2 Unlicensed Spectrum
  1.3.3 Licensed Spectrum
  1.3.4 Geographical Areas
  1.3.5 In Summary
 1.4 Emission Levels
 1.5 International Spectrum Landscape
 1.6 Homework
2 Cellular Systems
 2.1 Cellular Concepts
  2.1.1 Frequency Reuse
  2.1.2 Interference and Reuse
  2.1.3 Multiple Access
 2.2 System Capacity
  2.2.1 Channel Capacity
  2.2.2 Cellular Capacity
 2.3 Modulation and Coding
  2.3.1 Modulation
  2.3.2 Coding
  2.3.3 Combined Modulation and Coding
 2.4 Standard Air Interfaces
 2.5 Speech Coding
  2.5.1 Basic Vocoder Theory
  2.5.2 Classic Cellular Vocoders
 2.6 3G Migration
 2.7 4G Migration
 2.8 5G Migration
 2.9 Technology Advances
  2.9.1 Speech Coding Improvement
  2.9.2 Efficient Coding and Modulation
  2.9.3 Interference Mitigation
  2.9.4 Other Optimization Techniques
 2.10 Fixed Wireless Access
  2.10.1 Classic Architectures
  2.10.2 Fixed Wireless Propagation
  2.10.3 Voice Integration
 2.11 Homework
3 Radio Propagation Modeling
 3.1 Propagation Characteristics
 3.2 Free-Space Propagation
 3.3 Ray Tracing
  3.3.1 Ray Tracing Notations
  3.3.2 Two-Ray Model
  3.3.3 Reflection and Refraction
  3.3.4 Multiple Rays
  3.3.5 Residential Model
  3.3.6 Indoor Penetration
 3.4 Classic Empirical Models
  3.4.1 COST 231-Hata Model
  3.4.2 COST 231-Walfish-Ikegami Model
  3.4.3 Erceg Model
  3.4.4 Multiple Slope Models
  3.4.5 In-building
  3.4.6 Frequency Variations
  3.4.7 Foliage
 3.5 Further Modeling Work
 3.6 Dispersive Models
 3.7 In-Building Penetration
  3.7.1 In-Building Models
  3.7.2 Residential Homes
  3.7.3 Urban Environments
  3.7.4 In-Vehicle Loss
 3.8 Homework
4 Fading, Shadowing, and Link Budgets
 4.1 Large-Scale Shadowing
  4.1.1 Log-Normal Shadowing
  4.1.2 Coverage Reliability
 4.2 Link Budgets
  4.2.1 Important Parameters
  4.2.2 Reverse Link Budget
  4.2.3 Forward Link Budget
  4.2.4 Voice vs. Data Link Budgets
  4.2.5 Variable Bandwidth Link Budgets
  4.2.6 Licensed vs. Unlicensed Radios
 4.3 Small Scale Fading
  4.3.1 Multipath Fading
  4.3.2 Doppler Spread
  4.3.3 Fading Summary
  4.3.4 Angular Spread
 4.4 Small Scale Fading Distribution
  4.4.1 Case Study: Dropped Calls and Setup Failures
 4.5 Correlation
  4.5.1 Shadowing Autocorrelation
  4.5.2 Diversity and Autocorrelation
  4.5.3 Spectral density
  4.5.4 Diversity Gain
 4.6 Homework
5 Microwave and Higher Frequencies
 5.1 Spectrum
  5.1.1 Unlicensed Microwave – Part 15
  5.1.2 Licensed Microwave – Part 101
  5.1.3 LMDS and Multipoint
  5.1.4 Upper Microwave Flexible Use Service – Part 30
 5.2 Propagation
 5.3 Diffraction by Obstacles
 5.4 Atmospheric Effects
  5.4.1 Atmospheric Index of Refraction
  5.4.2 Atmospheric Variations and Fading
  5.4.3 Atmospheric Absorption
 5.5 Weather Impact
  5.5.1 Rain Regions
  5.5.2 Rain Attenuation
  5.5.3 Rain Outages
  5.5.4 Snow and Ice
  5.5.5 Typical Reach
 5.6 Millimeter Wave
 5.7 Homework
6 Practical Aspects of Wireless Systems
 6.1 Cell Site Considerations
  6.1.1 Real Estate
  6.1.2 Building Process
  6.1.3 Cost of Build-Out
 6.2 Synchronization and GPS
 6.3 Health Concerns
  6.3.1 Thermal Effects
  6.3.2 Cellular Towers
  6.3.3 Cellular Handsets
  6.3.4 Official Guidelines
  6.3.5 Calculating Permissible Exposure
 6.4 Homework
7 CDMA
 7.1 CDMA Basics
  7.1.1 Walsh Codes
  7.1.2 Short Code
  7.1.3 Long Code
 7.2 cdmaOne
  7.2.1 Forward Link Control Channel
  7.2.2 Forward Link Traffic Channel
  7.2.3 Reverse Link Access Channel
  7.2.4 Reverse-Link Traffic Channel
  7.2.5 Handoff
  7.2.6 Power Control
 7.3 Improvements for cdma2000
  7.3.1 Forward Link Architecture
  7.3.2 Reverse Link Architecture
  7.3.3 Power Control
 7.4 Improvements for UMTS
  7.4.1 WCDMA Summary
  7.4.2 Power Control and Multi-User Detection
 7.5 Comparison
 7.6 3G Evolution Data Optimized
 7.7 Homework
8 OFDM
 8.1 OFDM basics
  8.1.1 OFDM Basics
  8.1.2 Fourier Transform
  8.1.3 Orthogonality
  8.1.4 Discrete Fourier Transform
  8.1.5 Number of Subcarriers
  8.1.6 Other Techniques
 8.2 IEEE 802 and Wi-Fi
  8.2.1 802.11a & g
  8.2.2 802.11n
  8.2.3 802.11ac
  8.2.4 Other 802.11 groups
  8.2.5 802.22
 8.3 3GPP and LTE
  8.3.1 LTE Physical Layer
  8.3.2 LTE Throughput
  8.3.3 LTE QoS
  8.3.4 Voice over LTE
 8.4 LTE-Advanced
  8.4.1 Enhanced Local Access
  8.4.2 Carrier aggregation
  8.4.3 eICIC
  8.4.4 CoMP
  8.4.5 MIMO enhancements
  8.4.6 Device to Device
  8.4.7 Machine-Type Communications
  8.4.8 Unlicensed Operations
 8.5 LTE Releases
 8.6 Other Wireless Standards
 8.7 Homework
9 MIMO
 9.1 Introduction
  9.1.1 History
  9.1.2 Techniques
  9.1.3 Capacity
 9.2 Fundamental Principles
  9.2.1 Preconditioning
  9.2.2 Space-Time Coding (STC)
  9.2.3 Performance and Condition Number
  9.2.4 Channel Estimation
 9.3 Classic MIMO Systems
 9.4 Homework
10 Wireless System Performance
 10.1 Wi-Fi System Performance
  10.1.1 Data Rates
  10.1.2 Municipal Wi-Fi
  10.1.3 Radio Parameters Analysis and Modeling
  10.1.4 Throughput Measurements
 10.2 WiMAX System Performance
  10.2.1 Data Rates
  10.2.2 Experimental Data
  10.2.3 Radio Parameters Analysis and Modeling
  10.2.4 Throughput Measurements
  10.2.5 Unlicensed WiMAX
11 Core Network Evolution
 11.1 2G Wireless Signaling
  11.1.1 Physical Network
  11.1.2 Mobility Management
 11.2 2G Wireless Network
 11.3 3G Wireless Network
  11.3.1 GSM/GPRS Networks
  11.3.2 IS-41 Networks
 11.4 4G Wireless Network
 11.5 Location Based Services
 11.6 Small Cells and Heterogeneous Networks
  11.6.1 Terms and Definitions
  11.6.2 Main Purpose
  11.6.3 Real Estate
  11.6.4 Backhaul
  11.6.5 Operations
  11.6.6 Core Network